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Dairy products production of the states

2012 cash receipts: Livestock: Dairy products, milk

Most U.S. dairy cows are Holsteins, a breed that tends to produce more milk per cow than other breeds. Holstein milk comprises approximately 87.7 percent water, 3.7 percent milkfat, and 8.6 percent skim solids.

Nearly 2/3 of the milk supply (that not used for fluid milk and cream products) goes into a wide array of manufactured dairy products. Almost half of the milk supply is used to turn out about 9 billion pounds of cheese each year. Mozzarella has recently surpassed Cheddar as the most popular variety.

Production of ice cream and other frozen dairy products totals about 1.5 billion gallons, about 2/3 of which is regular ice cream.

The table below lists 2012 cash receipts for milk dairy products in order by value and shows each state's contribution to the U.S. whole by percentage.

Rank State Value ($1,000) % of Total U.S. dairy receipts
1. California 6,899,743 18.65%
2. Wisconsin 5,229,464 14.13%
3. New York 2,553,816 6.90%
4. Idaho 2,421,512 6.54%
5. Pennsylvania 2,086,800 5.64%
6. Texas 1,789,964 4.84%
7. Minnesota 1,757,140 4.75%
8. Michigan 1,675,107 4.53%
9. New Mexico 1,409,748 3.81%
10. Washington 1,156,548 3.13%
11. Ohio 1,034,408 2.80%
12. Iowa 849,024 2.29%
13. Arizona 791,120 2.14%
14. Indiana 709,183 1.92%
15. Colorado 593,526 1.60%
16. Florida 520,036 1.41%
17. Kansas 516,610 1.40%
18. Vermont 500,584 1.35%
19. Oregon 493,218 1.33%
20. South Dakota 386,120 1.02%
21. Illinois 376,166 1.02%
22. Virginia 357,552 0.97%
23. Utah 342,672 0.93%
24. Georgia 302,679 0.82%
25. Missouri 261,387 0.71%
26. Nebraska 231,084 0.62%
27. Kentucky 219,582 0.59%
28. North Carolina 191,407 0.52%
29. Maryland 187,596 0.51%
30. Oklahoma 169,041 0.46%
31. Tennessee 156,800 0.42%
32. Nevada 124,740 0.34%
33. Maine 124,236 0.34%
34. Connecticut 69,935 0.19%
35. North Dakota 64,071 0.17%
36. South Carolina 56,718 0.15%
37. New Hampshire 53,508 0.15%
38. Montana 52,740 0.14%
39. Massachusetts 43,400 0.12%
40. Louisiana 42,924 0.12%
41. Mississippi 40,198 0.12%
42. West Virginia 29,640 0.08%
43. Alabama 28,296 0.08%
44. New Jersey 24,192 0.07%
45. Arkansas 24,104 0.07%
46. Wyoming 23,323 0.06%
47. Delaware 17,632 0.05%
48. Hawai`i 9,644 0.03%
49. Rhode Island 3,584 0.01%
50. Alaska 1,296 Less than 0.01%
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

The numbers listed for "Value ($1,000)" represent the value of the product or dairy in thousands of dollars. For example, a number listed as 450,000 (four hundred and fifty thousand) equates to an actual value of $450,000,000 (four hundred and fifty million dollars).

Note: Data are not collected by the Economic Research Service in surveys for some minor commodities and for some minor producing states for commodities that are surveyed. This is why percentages do not always add up to 100% and all states that produce a product may not be listed.


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