50 State Agricultural Rankings

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Illinois

Agriculture

The tables below offer information about Illinois agriculture from the general agricultural groups to the more specific commodities or products. The ranking assigned to a given commodity is based on the commodity's cash receipts; how much money it made.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004

As you can see from the table below, Illinois ranks 6th among the states for total agricultural production. Though production of livestock and livestock products is average, the large grain corn and soybean crops make Illinois one of the top ten states for total agricultural production.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004
Product Group Value ($1,000) % State total State rank
All commodities 9,708,304 100.0% 6
Livestock and products 1,938,915 20.0% 24
Crops 7,769,388 80.0% 2
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Illinois's top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004

This table lists Illinois's top commodities in each of Illinois's two agriculutural groups, livestock and crops.

Illinois's top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004
Livestock products % State total Crop products % State total
Hogs 10.6% Corn for grain 42.5%
Cattle and calves 5.0% Soybeans 30.3%
Dairy products 3.2% Greenhouse/nursery 3.1%
Chicken eggs 0.5% Wheat 1.8%
Turkeys 0.4% Hay 0.6%
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

The big crops in the Prairie State are grain corn and soybeans, which combined, make up almost 3/4 of the state's total agricultural production. Greenhouse and nursery products are somewhat valuable in the state. Hogs are the most valuable livestock product, followed by cattle and calves and dairy products.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004

This table offers a more complete view of the most important agricultural products of Illinois.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004
Product Value ($1,000) % State Value
1.Corn for grain 4,121,224 42.5%
2.Soybeans 2,944,989 30.3%
3.Hogs 1,027,628 10.6%
4.Cattle and calves 486,612 5.0%
5.Dairy products 308,819 3.2%
6.Greenhouse/nursery 298,951 3.1%
7.Wheat 173,455 1.8%
8.Hay 62,880 0.6%
9.Chicken eggs 51,504 0.5%
10.Turkeys 37,514 0.4%
11. Corn, sweet 20,054 0.2%
12.Sorghum grain 19,245 0.2%
13.Apples 12,317 0.1%
14.Potatoes 9,812 0.1%
15. Beans, snap 8,529 0.1%
16. Peaches 7,315 0.1%
17. Sheep and lambs 3,541 Less than 0.1%
18. Oats 2,180 Less than 0.1%
19. Cabbage 950 Less than 0.1%
20. Honey 743 Less than 0.1%
Mushrooms *    
Peas, green *    
Sunflower *    
Rye *    
Aquaculture *    
*Commodities at the bottom of the above ranked list of commodities and having no accompanying data would have appeared within the ranked list of leading commodities, but were excluded to avoid disclosure of confidential information about individual producers.
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Mushrooms, green peas, sunflower products, rye, and aquaculture, are among the top 25 commodities of Illinois but, because specific data are not available, it is not known how they rank among the others.

The 2004 table above contains information about Illinois agricultural production provided by the Economic Research Service at the United States Department of Agriculture.

The first column of the table lists the product (commodity).

The second column of the table lists a number representing the dollar value of the product. This number is not the dollar value of the product. This number represents the dollar value of the product in thousands of dollars. For example, the number listed for the value of grain corn grown in Illinois is 4,121,224. This number represents a dollar value of $4,121,224,000 (4,121,224 x 1,000): four billion, one hundred and twenty-one million, two hundred and twenty-four thousand dollars.

The third column of the table lists the percent (part) of the total agricultural value produced in Illinois. For example, corn accounts for 42.5% of Illinois' total agricultural production value. The dollars generated by the production of corn add up to over 2/5 of Illinois's total agricultural production.

National ranking highlights - 2004

  • Ranks second in total crops production.
  • Ranks first in production of soybeans (16% of U.S. production).

Illinois farms and farmland - 2004

Because of different rounding methods (e.g., farm acres given by the National Argriculture Statistics Service), percentage of farmland per state should be considered a rough estimate.

Illinois farms and farmland - 2004
Number of farms Total farm acres Percent of state Average farm size (acres)
73,000 27,521,000 77% 377
Source: USDA:National Agriculture Statistics Service


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