50 State Agricultural Rankings

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The tables below offer information about Indiana agriculture from the general agricultural groups to the more specific commodities or products. The ranking assigned to a given commodity is based on the commodity's cash receipts; how much money it made.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004

As you can see from the table below, Indiana ranks 13th among the states for total agricultural production and is one of the top ten crop states.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004
Product Group Value ($1,000) % State total State rank
All commodities 6,043,191 100.0% 13
Livestock and products 2,064,987 34.2% 22
Crops 3,978,205 65.8% 9
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Indiana's top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004

This table lists Indiana's top commodities in each of Indiana's two agriculutural groups, livestock and crops.

Indiana's top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004
Livestock products % State total Crop products % State total
Hogs 12.2% Corn for grain 29.6%
Dairy products 8.1% Soybeans 27.0%
Chicken eggs 4.8% Greenhouse/nursery 2.7%
Cattle and calves 3.6% Wheat 1.5%
Turkeys 2.8% Hay 0.8%
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Grain corn and soybeans are the big crops in Indiana, accounting for over 50% of the state's total agricultural production. Greenhouse/nursery, wheat, and hay are also important.

Hogs make up over 10% of Indiana's total agricultural production. Other valuable livestock commodities are dairy products, chicken eggs, cattle and calves, and turkeys.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004

This table offers a more complete view of the most important agricultural products of Indiana.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004
Product Value ($1,000) % State Value
1. Corn for grain 1,786,401 29.6%
2. Soybeans 1,632,248 27.0%
3. Hogs 738,470 12.2%
4. Dairy products 490,646 8.1%
5. Chicken eggs 291,947 4.8%
6. Cattle and calves 220,358 3.6%
7. Turkeys 172,049 2.8%
8. Greenhouse/nursery 166,144 2.7%
9. Wheat 87,806 1.5%
10. Hay 48,772 0.8%
11. Tomatoes 44,713 0.7%
12. Watermelons 19,829 0.3%
13. Tobacco 15,432 0.3%
14. Apples 12,845 0.2%
15. Corn, sweet 11,324 0.2%
16. Cantaloups 9,900 0.2%
17. Mint 7,458 0.1%
18. Potatoes 5,905 0.1%
19. Blueberries 3,270 0.1%
20. Beans, snap 3,212 0.1%
21. Sheep and lambs 2,769 Less than 0.1%
22. Peaches 1,656 Less than 0.1%
23. Cucumbers 1,186 Less than 0.1%
Broilers (9-12 week old chickens) *    
* Commodities at the bottom of the above ranked list of commodities and having no accompanying data would have appeared within the ranked list of leading commodities, but were excluded to avoid disclosure of confidential information about individual producers.
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

The 2004 table above contains information about Indiana agricultural production provided by the Economic Research Service at the United States Department of Agriculture.

The first column of the table lists the product (commodity).

The second column of the table lists a number representing the dollar value of the product. This number is not the dollar value of the product. This number represents the dollar value of the product in thousands of dollars. For example, the number listed for the value of grain corn is 1,786,401. This number represents a dollar value of $1,786,401,000 (1,786,401 x 1,000): one billion, seven hundred and eighty-six million, four hundred and one thousand dollars.

The third column of the table lists the percent (part) of the total agricultural value produced in Indiana. For example, grain corn accounts for 29.6% of Indiana's total agricultural production value. The dollars generated by the production of amount to well over 1/4 of Indiana's total agricultural production.

Indiana farms and farmland - 2004

Because of different rounding methods (e.g., farm acres given by the National Argriculture Statistics Service), percentage of farmland per state should be considered a rough estimate.

Indiana farms and farmland - 2004
Number of farms Total farm acres Percent of state Average farm size (acres)
59,300 15,002,900 65% 253
Source: USDA:National Agriculture Statistics Service

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