50 State Agricultural Rankings

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The tables below offer information about Minnesota agriculture from the general agricultural groups to the more specific commodities or products. The ranking assigned to a given commodity is based on the commodity's cash receipts; how much money it made.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004

As you can see from the table below, Minnesota is a top ten agricultural state and ranks 5th among the states for total agricultural production.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004
Product Group Value ($1,000) % State total State rank
All commodities 9,794,912 100.0% 5
Livestock and products 4,934,316 50.4% 8
Crops 4,860,596 49.6% 6
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Minnesota's top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004

This table lists Minnesota's top commodities in each of Minnesota's two agriculutural groups, livestock and crops.

Minnesota's top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004
Livestock products % State total Crop products % State total
Hogs 17.6% Corn for grain 18.7%
Dairy products 13.6% Soybeans 16.8%
Cattle and calves 10.1% Sugar beets 4.5%
Turkeys 5.3% Wheat 3.5%
Chicken eggs 1.5% Greenhouse/nursery 1.5%
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Hogs are Minnesota's most valuable livestock product, followed by dairy products and cattle and calves. Turkeys are another valuable livestock product in the state.

The North Star's most important crops are grain corn and soybeans. Corn, wheat, and greenhouse/nursery commodities are also important.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004

This table offers a more complete view of the most important agricultural products of Minnesota.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004
Product Value ($1,000) % State Value
1. Corn for grain 1,827,809 18.7%
2. Hogs 1,724,512 17.6%
3. Soybeans 1,648,271 16.8%
4. Dairy products 1,336,334 13.6%
5. Cattle and calves 989,285 10.1%
6. Turkeys 515,592 5.3%
7. Sugar beets 443,414 4.5%
8. Wheat 341,037 3.5%
9. Greenhouse/nursery 191,688 2.0%
10. Chicken eggs 142,349 1.5%
11. Broilers (9-12 week old chickens) 101,860 1.0%
12. Potatoes 101,250 1.0%
13. Hay 68,188 0.7%
14. Corn, sweet 64,887 0.7%
15. Dry beans 43,184 0.4%
16. Peas, green 29,106 0.3%
17. Barley 19,887 0.2%
18. Sunflower 15,990 0.2%
19. Sheep and lambs 13,316 0.1%
20. Honey 10,530 0.1%
21. Apples 8,427 0.1%
22. Oats 7,484 0.1%
Beans, snap *    
Rye *    
Flaxseed *    
* Commodities at the bottom of the above ranked list of commodities and having no accompanying data would have appeared within the ranked list of leading commodities, but were excluded to avoid disclosure of confidential information about individual producers.
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

The 2004 table above contains information about Minnesota agricultural production provided by the Economic Research Service at the United States Department of Agriculture.

The first column of the table lists the product (commodity).

The second column of the table lists a number representing the dollar value of the product. This number is not the dollar value of the product. This number represents the dollar value of the product in thousands of dollars. For example, the number listed for the value of grain corn is 1,827,809. This number represents a dollar value of $1,827,809,000 (1,827,809 x 1,000): one billion, eight hundred and twenty-seven million, eight hundred and nine thousand dollars.

The third column of the table lists the percent (part) of the total agricultural value produced in Minnesota. For example, grain corn grown in Minnesota accounts for 18.7% of Minnesota's total agricultural production value. The dollars generated by the production of grain corn add up to more than 1/6 of Minnesota's total agricultural production.

National ranking highlights - 2004

  • Ranks first in production of sugar beets (35% of U.S. production).

Minnesota farms and farmland - 2004

Because of different rounding methods (e.g., farm acres given by the National Argriculture Statistics Service), percentage of farmland per state should be considered a rough estimate.

Minnesota farms and farmland - 2004
Number of farms Total farm acres Percent of state Average farm size (acres)
79,800 27,610,800 54% 346
Source: USDA:National Agriculture Statistics Service

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