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10th President of the United States (1841-1845)
The President of the United States serves as the head of the Executive Branch of our United States Government. Over forty men have been privileged to serve in this role.
The lithograph of John Tyler to the right was created by Swiss born lithographer Charles Fenderich, at times referred to as the Lithographer of American Statesmen.
It depicts Tyler as President of the United States and is signed by Charles Fenderich and dated either 1841 or 1844.
It is one of approximately 84 portraits executed by Fenderich in Wasdhington, D.C., between 1837 and 1848, before moving to the west coast with the California Gold Rush.
John Tyler's presidency
Source: Miller Center of Public Affairs: The University of Virginia. John Tyler 30 November 2009 <www.millercenter.virginia.edu>
John Tyler Presidential $1 Coin - Tenth President, 1841-1845
Born in 1790 to a prominent Virginia planter family, John Tyler was a lawyer by training. He served as a Virginia state delegate and governor, U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator and vice president for one month under William Henry Harrison.
Tyler became the first vice president to take office upon the death of the sitting president. At that time, the U.S. Constitution was not clear on succession, and his entire presidency was dominated by questions on the scope of his Presidential powers, earning him the nickname “His Accidency.” While many believed he should be recognized only as an acting president with limited powers, Tyler set an important precedent by assuming all the duties and powers of an elected president.
His independent streak caused him to lose favor with his political party, the Whigs, and practically his entire cabinet resigned in protest over his veto of a national bank bill. He championed the cause of Texas statehood, a controversial proposition at the time. After much political wrangling, he signed the bill annexing Texas just three days before leaving office after his defeat in the election of 1844. He retired to his Virginia home, Sherwood Forest, named to reflect his political “outlaw” status. He died in Richmond, Virginia, in 1862.
Coinage Legislation under President John Tyler
Act of March 3, 1843: This act regulated the legal-tender value of foreign gold and silver coins in the United States.
Act of April 2, 1844: This act prescribes the manner in which oaths may be taken by officers of the branch Mint.
United States Mint Directors appointed by President Washington
Letitia Tyler First Spouse $10 Gold Coin - First Lady (1841-1842)
A genteel Southern lady, Letitia Christian Tyler was content to stay in the background tending to her children and household. She supervised the Tyler family's 1,200 acre plantation, Greenway, in Charles City County, Virginia, for many years.
Although Letitia Tyler was never able to assume the normal social duties of a First Lady because of her poor health, behind the scenes, she directed the entertaining and household management of the White House. She made only one public appearance while First Lady, at the wedding of their daughter, Elizabeth. She informally received important visitors, including authors Charles Dickens and Washington Irving, and enjoyed discussing current events with them. She died in September 1842, eight months after her daughter's wedding.
Letitia Tyler's success in running their plantation gave husband John Tyler the freedom to pursue his political career. The reverse of the coin depicts Mrs. Tyler and her two oldest children behind their Cedar Grove Plantation, with the plantation building and fields visible in the distance. The Tylers were married here in 1813.
Source: The United States Mint: First Spouse Gold Coins. Letitia Tyler First Spouse $10 Gold Coin: First Lady, 1841–1842 30 November 2009 <www.usmint.gov>
Julia Tyler First Spouse $10 Gold Coin - First Lady (1844-1845)
The young and vivacious Julia Gardiner Tyler took Washington by storm with her wedding to widower President John Tyler on June 26, 1844. Although she was First Lady for only eight months, she quickly made her mark. James Sanderson's song "Hail to the Chief" had previously been played in various settings to honor American Presidents, but Julia Tyler was the first presidential spouse to request that it be played specifically to announce the President's arrival on official occasions. It's a tradition that continues to this day.
Julia Tyler worked hard to support her husband's political agenda, especially for the annexation of Texas. Julia used her considerable charm to persuade Members of Congress, a Supreme Court justice and cabinet members to support the cause. After Congress voted in favor of annexation and the President signed the resolution, he handed the gold pen he used to Julia in honor of her efforts. She proudly attached the pen to her necklace and wore it on formal occasions afterwards.
Julia Tyler introduced the polka at a White House social event, making it a national craze. The reverse depicts President and Mrs. Tyler together at a White House Ball.
Source: The United States Mint: First Spouse Gold Coins. Julia Tyler First Spouse $10 Gold Coin: First Lady, 1841–1842 30 November 2009 <www.usmint.gov>
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